Since the Philippines were on the Chinese trading routes, it is hardly surprising that quite an amount of porcelain can be found in shops around Manila. However, if you're planning to purchase any antiques, do be careful with what you're buying and make sure items are certified. Interesting santos (statues of saints) are also available in the antique shops at Ermita and Makati, as well as smaller shops in the older towns like Vigan in Ilocos.
Handwoven baskets are made from a range of natural fibres like bamboo, rattan, nipa and various palms. Demonstrating unique craftsmanship represented through their varying regional designs, the basket industry does well here and goods are widely exported. Appreciated for both their aesthetic and functional appeal, these baskets also come in a whole range of sizes and can be found around tourist sites and most markets.
Brassware is a speciality in Mindanao (Lanao Del Sur), as the first smiths of the Philippines were based here. Local artisans continue to manufacture jewellery boxes, gongs, bed frames, betel nut boxes, and canon replicas. Like antiques, do be careful when purchasing brassware. The shops selling these articles also sell ceremonial canopies embroidered and sequined for weddings and feasts.
The barong Tagalog comes in many different versions, from formal, expensive types to the short-sleeved version often worn by tourists. You can pick the translucent pineapple fibre called piqa as material with the finest hand-embroidery or the cheaper ramie with machine embroidery. There’s a wide selection of embroidered clothes for women such as the barong dress, shaped like the barong tagalog but longer, the embroidered kaftans and jelabas (loose-fitting robes), along with scarves, bags, and handkerchiefs to match.
The most common types of jewellery found in the Philippines are shell and silver, which it has traded for centuries. Mother-of-pearl is probably the most popular, followed by coral and tortoise shells (but refrain from buying these materials). The best place to shop for silver jewellery is in Baguio, where training from St. Louis University has produced skilled students to preserve the fine craftsmanship of creating jewellery.
Mats in the Philippines are usually a colourful combination of woven pandan leaves, often used as décor in many hotels and homes. The mats found in Luzon are mostly natural-coloured pandan mats, while those from Leyte and Samar in the Visayas sport more elaborate designs. The mats from Basilan and Sulu are geometrically designed, which make for an interesting finished product. Cebu, Davao and Zamboanga are the places to visit for these inexpensive pieces of folk art.
Woodcarving is a must-buy item when visiting the Philippines. High-quality woodcarving produced by the Ifugao people can be found in North Luzon's Ifugao Province. Religious carvings and the animal totems from Palawan are some of the woodcarving items that are available in Ermita's tourist area.